The rising need for cooling

In Europe, the need for heating is decreasing …

  • The annual population- weighted heating degree days (HDD) decreased by 6 % between the periods 1950– 1980 and 1981–2017
  • The largest decrease occurred in northern Europe and possibly in Italy
  • The largest absolute decreases in HDDs are expected in northern and south-eastern Europe

*HDDs are defined relative to an outside base temperature of 15.5°C

 

… while the need for cooling is increasing

  • The annual population-weighted cooling degree days (CDD) increased by 33 % between the periods 1950– 1980 and 1981–2017
  • In absolute terms, the change in HDD is much bigger than in CDD
  • The projected increase in cooling demand in southern Europe may further exacerbate peaks in electricity demand in summer. This can threaten the stability of electricity networks during summer heatwaves, unless appropriate adaptation measures are taken.

*CDDs are defined relative to an outside base temperature of 22°C

Where do we stand in the EU?

  • Heating & cooling is the number 1 consumer of renewable energy in Europe, followed by electricity and transport
  • 50% of the EU‘s final energy is used for heating & cooling, of which up to 6% is currently for cooling
  • 19% of the EU‘s final energy used for heating & cooling is based on renewables.
  • By 2030¹ the number of air-conditioners and refrigerators is expected to double in Europe.
  • 12% of the EU‘s final energy consumption in the tertiary sector is already today used for space cooling.
  • By 2050, with business as usual, the cooling demand in the EU‘s residential sector is expected to be 4 x higher than in 2015

Major consumers: Supermarkets & datacentres

  • 50% on average of the energy consumed in supermarkets is for refrigeration
  • 40%² on average of the energy consumed in datacentres is for cooling

Cooling is an intrinsic part of life, with demand only set to rise…

Urbanisation

80% of Europeans will live in urban areas by 2050.

We count on cooling…
to ensure healthy, productive (up to 15% more) and comfortable living and working spaces, fresh & safe food and best in class healthcare.

Wellbeing

75% of Europeans consider health & wellbeing as most important value for their happiness

We count on cooling…
to address the growing importance of health, comfort & well- being for Europeans as they spend 90% of their time indoors.

Cooling is an intrinsic part of life, with demand only set to rise…

Healthcare

50% of medicine on the market today is heat sensitive

We count on cooling…
to provide best in class healthcare, safe medicine and
vaccines.

Population

By 2030, the share of >65years old Europeans will have increased to 50% vs. 19% in 2017

We count on cooling…
to be comfortable at home, and to protect the most vulnerable from extreme temperatures such as the heat wave in 2003 which led to an estimated 35,000 deaths in Europe.

Cooling is an intrinsic part of life, with demand only set to rise…

Food cold chain

20% of food in the EU is lost or wasted every year

We count on cooling…
to ensure an adequate and uninterrupted cold chain to handle resources responsibly and prevent food loss & waste when 43 million Europeans cannot afford a quality meal every second day.

Digitalisation

By 2030, the number of devices connected to the Internet will have reached 125 billion globally, nearly 5 times more than in 2017

We count on cooling…
to keep the Internet running: In 2020, datacentres are pojected to use 4% of the total annual energy consumed in the EU, roughly twice as much as in 2007.

¹Heating and cooling strategy, European Commission 2016
²ESPAS report on global trends, 2019; Trends in data centre energy consumption under the European Code of Conduct for Data Centre Energy Efficiency, JRC 2017