The EU & global framework

The EU Framework

Clean energy package: to pave the way for a carbon neutral europe in 2050

  • Renewable Energies Directive: For more renewables in the en- ergy mix
  • Energy Performance of Buildings Directive: For more efficient buildings
  • Ecodesign Directive and Energy Labelling Regulation: For more efficient products
  • Energy Efficiency Directive: For energy savings obligations
  • Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action Regulation:For national energy and climate plans
  • Electricity Market Design Regulations: For a modernised and stable grid

F-gas regulation:

  • To reduce emissions stemming from F-gases, so-called fluorinated greenhouse gases (such as HFCs), through a phase- down approach

Market surveillance:

  • To ensure that products on the EU market are compliant with legislation

Waste electrical and electronic equipment (weee) directive and restriction of harzardous substances (rohs) directive

  • To provide for the creation of collection schemes to increase the recycling of WEEE and/or re-use and requiring heavy metals and flame retardants to be substituted by safer alternatives

Europe’s climate and energy targets

More needs to be done to reach the EU’s Renewables, Energy Efficiency, and Greenhouse Gases targets for 2020 and 2030!

Read more: Trends and projections in Europe 2019: Tracking progress towards Europe’s climate and energy targets, EEA Report 15/2019

 

In the EU, direct refrigerant emissions are decreasing

HFC emissions have been decreasing since 2014 with expected emission savings of 71 Mt CO2-eq by 2030, in addition to the first F-Gas regulation. But HFCs are only one part of the puzzle

–> CO2 is the main contributor to the EU‘s total greenhouse gas emissions.

We can do it!

The success story of the Montreal Protocol

  • The Montreal Protocol is an international treaty to eliminate ozone depleting substances (ODS). But some replacements for ODS contribute to global warming. Therefore, the Kigali Amendment has been introduced to address these replacements (HFCs)
  • The Kigali Amendment could avoid up to 0.4°C of global warming by 2100.
  • High energy efficiency, renewable energies and an integrated approach for heating & cooling could further enhance the impact of the Kigali Amendment

The crucial role of energy

CO2 contributes 96% to the energy related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and 90% is from fuel combustion

  • 72% of the EU‘s primary energy consumption is still based on fossil fuels
  • 29% of the EU‘s electricity production is based on renewables
  • 18% of the EU‘s final energy consumption is based on renewables

How to reduce C02 emissions

  • Energy efficiency needs to increase
  • Fossil fuels in the primary energy mix must be reduced substantially
  • The share of renewables in the electricity mix and in final energy consumption needs to further increase

What savings with existing measures?

With the current Ecodesign measures for room a/c, central cooling, commercial refrigeration and professional refrigeration, the annual emission savings in the year 2030 are expected to be 156 TWh Primary Energy. This equals to 9.8 million cars taken off the road for one year.

What‘s standing in the way?

Low political awareness

  • Potential of cooling and an integrated approach with heating not recognised at political level and by public authorities

Low market awareness

  • Professionals and households ignore the potential of cooling and its integrated approach with heating

Few drivers

  • Only few incentives for households and business to invest into cooling and integrate it with heating

Siloed approach

  • Cooling and the wider energy systems, including heating, are not sufficiently linked and not considered as a sector in its own right

Lack of skills

  • Not enough skilled installers to address growing needs